Estimated 195,000 of Trees Cut in Mount Ida, Turkey for Canadian Company Alamos Gold Mine

NSEN received over 1400 emails all outraged about the same topic:
pollution from a Canadian gold mine project in Turkey

“Nature catastrophe at Taz Mountain, Turkey.”
“Alamos Gold destroying forests and lands in Turkey for gold.” 
“Tragic destruction of Turkey’s Forest and Groundwater by a Canadian Company”

Most environmental organizations / individuals we heard from sent the following letter:
_______________________________________________________

Dear Sirs;

I am writing this letter to inform you about a Toronto based Canadian Company Alamos Gold’s actions in Turkey.

Recently, there has been a big public outcry about deforestation of the “Kaz Dağları” (Kaz Mountains).

This mountain range is of critical importance and a nature wonderland.

The current government authorities of Turkey obviously gave license to Alamos Gold. To date it was estimated that 195,000 trees were cut in these mountains and below pictures should give you some idea of the disaster.

People of the region have been desperately trying to stop this carnage. They claim that their livelihood is at stake.

Kaz Dağları is known for its clean air that many asthma patients come to feel better.

Below please find the points that the CEO of Alamos Gold gave during an interview. He is boasting that the investment they made is only100 million USD. The estimated earnings from this operation can be as high as 4 billion USD. The people of the region and Turkey will be left with contaminated land and groundwater while some take their profits and go away.

These types of licensing cannot be received easily. The Turkish company they set up for this operation is Dogu Biga Madencilik has received so many exemptions including financial and tax-related ones from the Turkish government.

The below link also shows the CEO’s comments during an interview;

https://streamable.com/ofied

I know as a fact that such companies cannot behave the way they do overseas. I am very upset seeing these images day after day and the desperate fight people do. As a citizen of the world, I believe each tree and nature belongs to all of us.

We cannot have different standards for different parts of the world. Canada’s forested areas are even bigger than the entire land of Turkey.

Think about cutting close to 200.000 trees in Canada! I can probably hear the public outcry all the way from here.

So, why a different standard applies to Turkish forests?

This is not moral or ethical either. Protection and preservation of nature is a universal value for all of us…or is it not?

Below please find more pictures showing ordinary citizens putting up a fight. They say “forest, soil, water and mercy”. The awareness has been growing and this news has been on the front pages for some time.

I am not sure if this may catch your attention. However, I have personally experienced and seen that if a western company did something against people’s will in another part of the world, there is a chance that the citizens of that country could change anything. To enable people to have a voice, that country needs a proper democracy and strong public institutions. As a result, the only way out is to bring the issue home, to Toronto and greater Canada.

The concern about nature is universal for all of us. I would appreciate your attention to this matter and similar ones.

Best Regards,

(Thousands of Trees Cut in Mount Ida for Gold MineConcerned citizens of Turkey)
_______________________________________________________

A petition to pressure Alamo Gold to stop is here:https://www.change.org/p/pressure-alamos-gold-to-stop-forest-massacre-in-turkey-alamosgoldinc-canada-justintrudeau

CBC article:https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/turkey-cdn-mine-alamos-protest-1.5237104

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OPINION: Multiple Stakeholders to Consider Regarding Nuttby Mountain Clearcut

Laurent LePierres,
Opinion Page Editor,
The Chronicle Herald,
Dear Laurent ,
I enjoy the Opinion section of the paper under your editorship. As a resident of Nuttby Mountain where clearcutting is all around me, this topic weighs heavily on me. wish to submit the following piece to the Opinion page as a Readers’ Corner or Op. Ed. article.
In response to today’s report “Union warns of huge job losses if mill closes” I wish to wonder a bit more deeply than the union has.  I always thought that trucks would work the same regardless of what they were moving.  The service industries could serve environmentally- friendly businesses instead of the environmentally unfriendly businesses,  My grandfather changed from being a horse teamster moving logs in New Brunswick, to being a horse teamster moving commodities in Massachusetts. The trucker to whom Donna Crossland spoke, said he wouldn’t have any trouble finding a new trucking job.
I wonder how many jobs, closing that mill down, would be saved and how many jobs, getting rid of the pulp mill would help create?  Fishing, sports fishing, sports hunting, waterway tourism, eco tourism, upland tourism (which had been decimated), genealogical tourism (who wants to visit a cemetery or ancestor’s former home surrounded by or including clearcuts), ordinary tourism, herbalists, medicinal industries, scientific work with real sustainability in mind, maple syrup industry, flooring industry, value-added wood industries, and real lumber industry. 
I am sure the rarer real hardwood will get, the more valuable it will be. The rarer water’s value, being quickly ruined, certainly has to be considered.  One also needs to take into consideration the service industries for each of those above industries and take into consideration service industries lost while those areas keep getting polluted and the forests raped. I wonder how the value of properties might go up if they weren’t surrounded by clearcuts.
I wonder how many people would be saved or health improved, without those unnecessary pollutants and with the forest being the best means of clearing pollutants out. I wonder how much better the Earth would be, having atmospheric Carbon and Nitrogen kept in the forest, with soils cooled and shaded so they wouldn’t lose their long stored carbon and nitrates. I wonder how much better off the soils and, consequently, the water would be with their systems protected instead of allowing the leaching and erosion to take place.  
All and all there are certainly many more jobs gained than lost and more people living longer as a consequence. Financially the Earth would be better off with environmentally friendly jobs–and wouldn’t the people be as well?  
Sincerely,

Norris Whiston

Retired Public Educator; BSc Engineering, University of Rhode Island; MEd Acadia University

Earltown Mountain, Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia B0K 1V0

902-657-3476

“My Little Bit Won’t Hurt” – Carbon Emissions & Biomass Burning

The following graph of an Antarctic ice core sample covers Earth’s last 800,000 years. It was done by the British Antarctic Survey (Natural Environment Research Council) and reported on 14 November 2016. {Amos14Nov2016} {Mulvaney2016}. The double graph shows the correlation between atmospheric CO2 in the top graph and temperature in the bottom graph. The CO2 lows are around 190 ppm (parts per million); the highs around 270 ppm. It doesn’t sound like a lot, but obviously is when it comes to Earth’s climate. The graph shows a cycle of approximately 100,000 yrs.

There are lots of highs, lows, zigzags everywhere. As some people love to say, weather changes constantly – changes are normal. They are right, weather does and those zigzags would agree. Throughout those 800,000 years, Earth has had droughts, wildfires, and created large deserts. Earth has had vicious storms, enormous floods, and eroded. It has seen large freshwater lakes created and emptied, has seen incredible changes in sea levels, had islands created, and islands washed away. Earth has had multiple ice ages and had areas become parched. It has also had continental plates move, earthquakes, numerous volcanic eruptions, and has been hit by objects from space. All many times.

However, since most changes were localized or slow enough, most life had time to adapt or migrate. In all those times, there wasn’t such rapid melting of Earth’s Poles, such destruction of the oceans, and ruination of land ecosystems and food systems. Recent CO2 changes have already required plants, insects, animals, and humans to migrate and to die off. {UN} {WWF} {Audubon} {World Meteorological Organization (WMO)}

In those turbulent 800,000 yrs., species have evolved; and others have become extinct. Around 750,000 ya (years ago) Neanderthals came into existence, around 350,000 ya Homo sapiens, around 50,000 ya humans met and mated with Neanderthals affecting 1–3 % of our DNA, and, between 9000 and 7000 ya, humans began to domesticate animals and clear the forest for farming.

By 2000 ya, from the fallout of increasing deforestation, the bones of wild animals in Ireland from 90 archaeological sites were already showing a loss of nitrogen caused by exposed soils’ and consequently plants’ nitrogen sources. {Green13June2018} Since nitrogen is a key to plant’s chlorophyll and to plants’ and animals’ proteins, this was a significant happening. It is much like nitrogen losses in the Maritimes which is why forests have regressed to the plants which were first here, shortly after the ice age, and which required only thin soil: aspen, birch, and spruce. Soil scientists have declared clearcutting is not sustainable. {Keys2016} {Lahey2018}

Besides nitrogen, exposed and warmed soils have also lost calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus to leaching, and CARBON to the atmosphere. {Bandy1999} 2000 ya! “Scientists estimate that the Earth contained approximately 1,000 billion tons of carbon in living biomass 2000 ya. Since that time, humans have reduced that amount by half.” {Schramski2015}

100 Year Ice Age Cycles

Before the years 800,000 before present, building Earth’s present-day atmospheric conditions had taken much of nature’s effort and time. When mosses evolved around 480 mya (million years ago), the Earth’s atmospheric levels of CO2 “are thought to have been 16 times higher than they are now, and average global temperatures are thought to have been 25C, around 10C higher than they are now [2012].” {Lenton2012} Between 330 mya and 140 mya, ferns and conifers could only bring the CO2 down to 3 times the current levels. {Bradshaw2016} Ferns and conifers had 200 million years, but conifers don’t store water and, though they photosynthesize in the winter, are relatively inefficient at photosynthesis compared to flowering plants. {Wohlleben107} {Simonin2018}

140 mya, flowering plants’ (hardwoods) began to evolve smaller genetic material/genome, and could build smaller cells. “In turn, this allows greater carbon dioxide uptake and carbon gain from photosynthesis.” {Briggs15January2018} {Simonin2018} Additionally, a study of 673,046 trees by the US Dept. of Interior found the oldest trees work best, not 40-year-old trees and, looking at them, why wouldn’t the oldest work best? {Stephenson2014} {Quinn16Jan2014} What chance would saplings have? “Research has documented that for many years after a clearcut, a resprouting forest emits more CO2 than it absorbs.” {CarterFEN} “Plantations can sequester only a quarter of the CO2 that functioning woodland can, and converting forests to plantations actually releases carbon trapped in the soil.” {GraberStiehl3March2016} “Scientists say halting deforestation [is] ‘just as urgent’ as reducing emissions.” {Milman4Oct2018} {IPCC4October2018. (UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)}

The graph shows, over the last 800,000 yrs., Earth’s CO2 ppm “natural” range, has been 190 to 270 ppm. The thing is, the Earth’s atmosphere is now [2018] at 410 ppm. There is nothing like 410 ppm on this graph of the last 800,000 years. Additionally, the Earth has never had more CO2 put into its atmosphere per year than this year in 66 MILLION YEARS, two major extinctions ago. {Zeebe et al 2016} {Amos21March2016} What’s happening is not “natural”!

Many rationalize “their little bit won’t hurt”. They wait, wanting someone else to change first. Individuals and families wish to warm and amuse themselves with carbon-fueled energy and play with carbon-run toys and vehicles. People want to make money from creating energy and fuels. They want to call those fallen trees and remnants of harvests just “waste”. That so-called waste could have recycled hard-won forest nutrients and carbon-sequestered soils. They want to cut hardwood trees and shrubs, chip, and send them to England, France, throughout North America and locally for biomass energy or biofuels, and claim it causes no harm. They don’t know or are indifferent to the FACT that the older trees’ and hardwoods’ ability to sequester is far more efficient than the young replacement trees and those future forest nutrients are found in the decaying wood.

There are 7.6 billion people on Earth. It soon will be 10 billion. Even those, who pick up loose kindling to keep a small fire going or cook a picnic meal, are adding carbon to an atmosphere that can’t take much more.

Our Earth is in grave trouble. There is no reason for ignorance. The science is there. We have arrived at the “Final call to save the world from ‘climate catastrophe’” {McGrath8October2018} {UN’s IPCC 8 October2018}. People need to have new eyes. Eyes that appreciate what older trees do. Eyes to see the difference between aspen, poplar, birch, and spruce forests and the older mixed elm, hemlock, oak, beech, ash, and maple forests. Eyes to see what is lost when the sides of forests are opened. Eyes to see and understand what happens to exposed soils. Eyes to see the most important uses for so-called wastes. With new eyes, people can make appropriate changes and work within forest-covered areas. Each of Earth’s 7.6 billion people’s pieces doesn’t have to hurt.

 

Norris Whiston 4945 Highway 311, Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia B0K 1V0 902-657-3476 norrisw@ns.sympatico.ca

Can be shared freely.